verb (used without object)

  1. to reply or answer in words: to respond briefly to a question.
  2. to make a return by some action as if in answer: to respond generously to a charity drive.
  3. to react favorably.
  4. Physiology. to exhibit some action or effect as if in answer; react: Nerves respond to a stimulus.
  5. to correspond (usually followed by to).
  6. Bridge. to make a response.

verb (used with object)

  1. to say in answer; reply.


  1. Architecture. a half pier, pilaster, or the like projecting from a wall as a support for a lintel or an arch, the other side of which is supported on a free-standing pier or column.
  2. Ecclesiastical.
    1. a short anthem chanted at intervals during the reading of a lection.
    2. responsory.
    3. response.


  1. to state or utter (something) in reply
  2. (intr) to act in reply; reactto respond by issuing an invitation
  3. (intr foll by to) to react favourablythis patient will respond to treatment
  4. an archaic word for correspond


  1. architect a pilaster or an engaged column that supports an arch or a lintel
  2. Christianity a choral anthem chanted in response to a lesson read at a church service

c.1300, respound, from Old French respondere “respond, correspond,” from Latin respondere “respond, answer to, promise in return,” from re- “back” (see re-) + spondere “to pledge” (see spondee). Modern spelling and pronunciation is from c.1600. Related: Responded; responding.

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