plural noun, singular Se·phar·di [suh–fahr-dee, suh-fahr-dee] /səˈfɑr di, sə fɑrˈdi/.
- Jews of Spain and Portugal or their descendants, distinguished from the Ashkenazim and other Jewish communities chiefly by their liturgy, religious customs, and pronunciation of Hebrew: after expulsion from Spain and Portugal in 1492, established communities in North Africa, the Balkans, Western Europe, and elsewhere.
noun plural -dim (-dɪm) Judaism
- a Jew of Spanish, Portuguese, or North African descent
- (loosely) any Oriental Jew
- the pronunciation of Hebrew used by these Jews, and of Modern Hebrew as spoken in Israel
- (modifier) of or pertaining to the Sephardim, esp to their liturgy and ritual
- (modifier) of or pertaining to the liturgy adopted by certain European, esp Chassidic, communities who believe it to be more authentic but nonetheless differing from the genuine Oriental liturgy
plural of Sephardi “a Spanish or Portuguese Jew” (1851), from Modern Hebrew Sepharaddim “Spaniards, Jews of Spain,” from Sepharad, name of a country mentioned only in Obad. v:20, probably meaning “Asia Minor” or a part of it (Lydia, Phrygia), but identified by the rabbis after the Jonathan Targum as “Spain.” Related: Sephardic.