- a Mediterranean tree, Pistacia terebinthus, of the cashew family, yielding Chian turpentine.
- a small anacardiaceous tree, Pistacia terebinthus, of the Mediterranean region, having winged leafstalks and clusters of small flowers, and yielding a turpentine
n.Mediterranean tree, a member of the sumac family, late 14c., from Old French therebint (13c.), from Latin terebinthus (Pliny), from Greek terebinthos, probably of foreign origin (Creto-Minoic?). The tree is the source of Chian turpentine.