- a state in the S United States. 267,339 sq. mi. (692,410 sq. km). Capital: Austin. Abbreviation: Tex., TX (for use with zip code).
- a native or inhabitant of Texas
- of or relating to Texas or its inhabitants
- a state of the southwestern US, on the Gulf of Mexico: the second largest state; part of Mexico from 1821 to 1836, when it was declared an independent republic; joined the US in 1845; consists chiefly of a plain, with a wide flat coastal belt rising up to the semiarid Sacramento and Davis Mountains of the southwest; a major producer of cotton, rice, and livestock; the chief US producer of oil and gas; a leading world supplier of sulphur. Capital: Austin. Pop: 22 118 509 (2003 est). Area: 678 927 sq km (262 134 sq miles)Abbreviation: Tex, (with zip code) TX
Mexican province, briefly an independent nation and now a U.S. state, from Spanish Texas, Tejas, earlier pronounced “ta-shas,” originally an ethnic name, from Caddo (eastern Texas Indian tribe) taysha “friends, allies,” written by the Spanish as a plural. Baseball Texas-leaguer is recorded from 1905. State in the southwestern United States bordered by Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas and Louisiana to the east, the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico to the south, and New Mexico to the west. Its capital is Austin, and its largest city is Houston.