verb (used with object)

  1. to get, pull, or draw out, usually with special effort, skill, or force: to extract a tooth.
  2. to deduce (a doctrine, principle, interpretation, etc.): He extracted a completely personal meaning from what was said.
  3. to derive or obtain (pleasure, comfort, etc.) from a particular source: He extracted satisfaction from the success of his sons.
  4. to take or copy out (matter), as from a book.
  5. to make excerpts from (a book, pamphlet, etc.).
  6. to extort (information, money, etc.): to extract a secret from someone.
  7. to separate or obtain (a juice, ingredient, etc.) from a mixture by pressure, distillation, treatment with solvents, or the like.
  8. Mathematics.
    1. to determine (the root of a quantity that has a single root).
    2. to determine (a root of a quantity that has multiple roots).


  1. something extracted.
  2. a passage taken from a book, article, etc.; excerpt; quotation.
  3. a solution or preparation containing the active principles of a drug, plant juice, or the like; concentrated solution: vanilla extract.
  4. a solid, viscid, or liquid substance extracted from a plant, drug, or the like, containing its essence in concentrated form: beef extract.

verb (ɪkˈstrækt) (tr)

  1. to withdraw, pull out, or uproot by force
  2. to remove or separate
  3. to derive (pleasure, information, etc) from some source or situation
  4. to deduce or develop (a doctrine, policy, etc)
  5. informal to extort (money, etc)
  6. to obtain (a substance) from a mixture or material by a chemical or physical process, such as digestion, distillation, the action of a solvent, or mechanical separation
  7. to cut out or copy out (an article, passage, quotation, etc) from a publication
  8. to determine the value of (the root of a number)

noun (ˈɛkstrækt)

  1. something extracted, such as a part or passage from a book, speech, etc
  2. a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a materialbeef extract; yeast extract
  3. pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle

v.late 15c., from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere “draw out,” from ex- “out” (see ex-) + trahere “to draw” (see tract (n.1)). Related: Extracted; extracting. n.mid-15c., from Late Latin extractum, noun use of neuter past participle of extrahere “to draw out” (see extract (v.)). v.

  1. To draw or pull out, using force or effort.
  2. To obtain from a substance by chemical or mechanical action, as by pressure, distillation, or evaporation.
  3. To remove for separate consideration or publication; excerpt.
  4. To determine or calculate the root of a number.


  1. A concentrated preparation of a drug obtained by removing the active constituents of the drug with suitable solvents, evaporating all or nearly all of the solvent, and adjusting the residual mass or powder to the prescribed standard.
  2. A preparation of the essential constituents of a food or a flavoring; a concentrate.
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