verb (used with object)

  1. to cause to be or become; make: to render someone helpless.
  2. to do; perform: to render a service.
  3. to furnish; provide: to render aid.
  4. to exhibit or show (obedience, attention, etc.).
  5. to present for consideration, approval, payment, action, etc., as an account.
  6. to return; to make (a payment in money, kind, or service) as by a tenant to a superior: knights rendering military service to the lord.
  7. to pay as due (a tax, tribute, etc.).
  8. to deliver formally or officially; hand down: to render a verdict.
  9. to translate into another language: to render French poems into English.
  10. to represent; depict, as in painting: to render a landscape.
  11. to represent (a perspective view of a projected building) in drawing or painting.
  12. to bring out the meaning of by performance or execution; interpret, as a part in a drama or a piece of music.
  13. to use the processing power of computer hardware and software to synthesize (the components of an image or animation) in a final graphic output.
  14. to give in return or requital: to render good for evil.
  15. to give back; restore (often followed by back).
  16. to send (a suspected criminal) abroad; subject to rendition(def 4).
  17. to give up; surrender.
  18. Building Trades. to cover (masonry) with a first coat of plaster.
  19. to melt down; extract the impurities from by melting: to render fat.
  20. to process, as for industrial use: to render livestock carcasses.

verb (used without object)

  1. to provide due reward.
  2. to try out oil from fat, blubber, etc., by melting.


  1. Building Trades. a first coat of plaster for a masonry surface.

verb (tr)

  1. to present or submit (accounts, etc) for payment, approval, or action
  2. to give or provide (aid, charity, a service, etc)
  3. to show (obedience), as due or expected
  4. to give or exchange, as by way of return or requitalto render blow for blow
  5. to cause to becomegrief had rendered him simple-minded
  6. to deliver (a verdict or opinion) formally
  7. to portray or depict (something), as in painting, music, or acting
  8. computing to use colour and shading to make a digital image look three-dimensional and solid
  9. to translate (something) into another language or form
  10. (sometimes foll by up) to yield or givethe tomb rendered up its secret
  11. (often foll by back) to return (something); give back
  12. to cover the surface of (brickwork, stone, etc) with a coat of plaster
  13. (often foll by down) to extract (fat) from (meat) by melting
  14. nautical
    1. to reeve (a line)
    2. to slacken (a rope, etc)
  15. history (of a feudal tenant) to make (payment) in money, goods, or services to one’s overlord


  1. a first thin coat of plaster applied to a surface
  2. history a payment in money, goods, or services made by a feudal tenant to his lord

v.late 14c., “repeat, say again,” from Old French rendre “give back, present, yield” (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre “to take”), from Latin reddere “give back, return, restore,” from red- “back” (see re-) + comb. form of dare “to give” (see date (n.1)). Meaning “hand over, deliver” is recorded from late 14c.; “to return” (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning “represent, depict” is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render “a payment of rent,” from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering. n.1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).

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