noun Hinduism.

  1. Sometimes Vedas. the entire body of Hindu sacred writings, chief among which are four books, the Rig-Veda, the Sama-Veda, the Atharva-Veda, and the Yajur-Veda.
  2. Also called Samhita. each of these four books.
  3. Vedas, these four books, along with the Brahmanas and Upanishads.


  1. any or all of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism, esp the Rig-Veda, Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda, and Atharva-Veda

ancient sacred Hindu book, 1734, from Sanskrit veda “knowledge, sacred book,” from root vid- “to know,” from PIE root *weid- “to see” (related to wit, and to Avestan vaeda “I know,” Latin videre “to see;” see vision (n.)). The books are the Rig-, Yajur-, Sama-, and Atharva-veda.

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