- Sometimes Vedas. the entire body of Hindu sacred writings, chief among which are four books, the Rig-Veda, the Sama-Veda, the Atharva-Veda, and the Yajur-Veda.
- Also called Samhita. each of these four books.
- Vedas, these four books, along with the Brahmanas and Upanishads.
- any or all of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism, esp the Rig-Veda, Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda, and Atharva-Veda
ancient sacred Hindu book, 1734, from Sanskrit veda “knowledge, sacred book,” from root vid- “to know,” from PIE root *weid- “to see” (related to wit, and to Avestan vaeda “I know,” Latin videre “to see;” see vision (n.)). The books are the Rig-, Yajur-, Sama-, and Atharva-veda.