noun Law.

  1. a written declaration upon oath made before an authorized official.


  1. law a declaration in writing made upon oath before a person authorized to administer oaths, esp for use as evidence in court

1590s, from Medieval Latin affidavit, literally “he has stated on oath,” third person singular perfective of affidare “to trust,” from Latin ad- “to” (see ad-) + fidare “to trust,” from fidus “faithful,” from fides “faith” (see faith). So called from being the first word of sworn statements.

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