adjective, bar·er, bar·est.
- without covering or clothing; naked; nude: bare legs.
- without the usual furnishings, contents, etc.: bare walls.
- open to view; unconcealed; undisguised: his bare dislike of neckties.
- unadorned; bald; plain: the bare facts.
- (of cloth) napless or threadbare.
- scarcely or just sufficient; mere: the bare necessities of life.
- Obsolete. with the head uncovered; bareheaded.
verb (used with object), bared, bar·ing.
- to open to view; reveal or divulge: to bare one’s arms; to bare damaging new facts.
- simple past tense of bear1.
verb (used with object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bear·ing.
- to hold up; support: to bear the weight of the roof.
- to hold or remain firm under (a load): The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
- to bring forth (young); give birth to: to bear a child.
- to produce by natural growth: a tree that bears fruit.
- to hold up under; be capable of: His claim doesn’t bear close examination.
- to press or push against: The crowd was borne back by the police.
- to hold or carry (oneself, one’s body, one’s head, etc.): to bear oneself erectly.
- to conduct (oneself): to bear oneself bravely.
- to suffer; endure; undergo: to bear the blame.
- to sustain without yielding or suffering injury; tolerate (usually used in negative constructions, unless qualified): I can’t bear your nagging. I can hardly bear to see her suffering so.
- to be fit for or worthy of: It doesn’t bear repeating.
- to carry; bring: to bear gifts.
- to carry in the mind or heart: to bear love; to bear malice.
- to transmit or spread (gossip, tales, etc.).
- to render; afford; give: to bear witness; to bear testimony.
- to lead; guide; take: They bore him home.
- to have and be entitled to: to bear title.
- to exhibit; show: to bear a resemblance.
- to accept or have, as an obligation: to bear responsibility; to bear the cost.
- to stand in (a relation or ratio); have or show correlatively: the relation that price bears to profit.
- to possess, as a quality or characteristic; have in or on: to bear traces; to bear an inscription.
- to have and use; exercise: to bear authority; to bear sway.
verb (used without object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bear·ing.
- to tend in a course or direction; move; go: to bear west; to bear left at the fork in the road.
- to be located or situated: The lighthouse bears due north.
- to bring forth young or fruit: Next year the tree will bear.
- bear down,
- to press or weigh down.
- to strive harder; intensify one’s efforts: We can’t hope to finish unless everyone bears down.
- Nautical.to approach from windward, as a ship: The cutter was bearing down the channel at twelve knots.
- bear down on/upon,
- to press or weigh down on.
- to strive toward.
- to approach something rapidly.
- Nautical.to approach (another vessel) from windward: The sloop bore down on us, narrowly missing our stern.
- bear off,
- Nautical.to keep (a boat) from touching or rubbing against a dock, another boat, etc.
- Nautical.to steer away.
- Backgammon.to remove the stones from the board after they are all home.
- bear on/upon, to affect, relate to, or have connection with; be relevant to: This information may bear on the case.
- bear out, to substantiate; confirm: The facts bear me out.
- bear up, to endure; face hardship bravely: It is inspiring to see them bearing up so well.
- bear with, to be patient or forbearing with: Please bear with me until I finish the story.
- bring to bear, to concentrate on with a specific purpose: Pressure was brought to bear on those with overdue accounts.
noun, plural bears, (especially collectively) bear.
- any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
- any of various animals resembling the bear, as the ant bear.
- a gruff, burly, clumsy, bad-mannered, or rude person.
- a person who believes that market prices, especially of stocks, will decline (opposed to bull).
- Informal. a person who shows great ability, enthusiasm, stamina, etc.: a bear for physics.
- (initial capital letter) Astronomy. either of two constellations, Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
- Informal. a player at cards who rarely bluffs.
- (initial capital letter) Russia.
- having to do with or marked by declining prices, as of stocks: bear market.
verb (used with object), beared, bear·ing.
- Stock Exchange. to force prices down in (a market, stock, etc.).
- loaded for bear, Informal. fully prepared and eager to initiate or deal with a fight, confrontation, or trouble: Keep away from the boss—he’s loaded for bear today.
- unclothed; exposed: used esp of a part of the body
- without the natural, conventional, or usual covering or clothinga bare tree
- lacking appropriate furnishings, etca bare room
- unembellished; simplethe bare facts
- (prenomial) just sufficient; merehe earned the bare minimum
- with one’s bare hands without a weapon or tool
- (tr) to make bare; uncover; reveal
- archaic a past tense of bear 1
noun the Bear
verb bears, bearing, bore or borne (mainly tr)
- to support or hold up; sustain
- to bring or conveyto bear gifts
- to take, accept, or assume the responsibility ofto bear an expense
- (past participle born in passive use except when foll by by) to give birth toto bear children
- (also intr) to produce by or as if by natural growthto bear fruit
- to tolerate or endureshe couldn’t bear him
- to admit of; sustainhis story does not bear scrutiny
- to hold in the conscious mind or in one’s feelingsto bear a grudge; I’ll bear that idea in mind
- to show or be marked withhe still bears the scars
- to transmit or spreadto bear gossip
- to render or supply (esp in the phrase bear witness)
- to conduct or manage (oneself, the body, etc)she bore her head high
- to have, be, or stand in (relation or comparison)his account bears no relation to the facts
- (intr) to move, be located, or lie in a specified directionthe way bears east
- to have by right; be entitled to (esp in the phrase bear title)
- bear a hand to give assistance
- bring to bear to bring into operation or effecthe brought his knowledge to bear on the situation
noun plural bears or bear
- any plantigrade mammal of the family Ursidae : order Carnivora (carnivores). Bears are typically massive omnivorous animals with a large head, a long shaggy coat, and strong clawsSee also black bear, brown bear, polar bear Related adjective: ursine
- any of various bearlike animals, such as the koala and the ant bear
- a clumsy, churlish, or ill-mannered person
- a teddy bear
- stock exchange
- a speculator who sells in anticipation of falling prices to make a profit on repurchase
- (as modifier)a bear market Compare bull 1 (def. 5)
verb bears, bearing or beared
- (tr) to lower or attempt to lower the price or prices of (a stock market or a security) by speculative selling
Old English bær “naked, uncovered, unclothed,” from Proto-Germanic *bazaz (cf. German bar, Old Norse berr, Dutch baar), from PIE *bhosos (cf. Armenian bok “naked;” Old Church Slavonic bosu, Lithuanian basas “barefoot”). Meaning “sheer, absolute” (c.1200) is from the notion of “complete in itself.”
Old English barian, from bare (adj.). Related: Bared; baring.
Old English beran “to bear, bring; bring forth, produce; to endure, sustain; to wear” (class IV strong verb; past tense bær, past participle boren), from Proto-Germanic *beranan (cf. Old Saxon beran, Old Frisian bera, Old High German beran, German gebären, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan “to carry, bear, give birth to”), from PIE root *bher- (1) meaning both “give birth” (though only English and German strongly retain this sense, and Russian has beremennaya “pregnant”) and “carry a burden, bring” (see infer).
Ball bearings “bear” the friction. Many senses are from notion of “move onward by pressure.” Old English past tense bær became Middle English bare; alternative bore began to appear c.1400, but bare remained the literary form till after 1600. Past participle distinction of borne for “carried” and born for “given birth” is from late 18c. To bear (something) in mind is from 1530s.
Old English bera “bear,” from Proto-Germanic *beron, literally “the brown (one)” (cf. Old Norse björn, Middle Dutch bere, Dutch beer, Old High German bero, German Bär), from PIE *bher- (3) “bright, brown” (see brown (adj.)).
Greek arktos and Latin ursus retain the PIE root word for “bear” (*rtko; see Arctic), but it is believed to have been ritually replaced in the northern branches because of hunters’ taboo on names of wild animals (cf. the Irish equivalent “the good calf,” Welsh “honey-pig,” Lithuanian “the licker,” Russian medved “honey-eater”). Others connect the Germanic word with Latin ferus “wild,” as if it meant “the wild animal (par excellence) of the northern woods.”
Symbolic of Russia since 1794. Used of uncouth persons since 1570s. Stock market meaning “speculator for a fall” is 1709 shortening of bearskin jobber (from the proverb sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear); i.e. “one who sells stock for future delivery, expecting that meanwhile prices will fall.” Paired with bull from c.1720. Bear claw as a type of large pastry is from 1942, originally chiefly western U.S.
In addition to the idioms beginning with bear
- bear a grudge
- bear down
- beard the lion
- bear fruit
- bear in mind
- bear one’s cross
- bear out
- bear the brunt
- bear up
- bear with
- bring to bear
- cross as a bear
- cross to bear
- grin and bear it
- loaded for bear