noun, plural Cal·va·ries for 2, 3.

  1. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33.
  2. (often lowercase) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually erected in the open air.
  3. (lowercase) an experience or occasion of extreme suffering, especially mental suffering.

noun plural -ries

  1. (often capital) a representation of Christ’s crucifixion, usually sculptured and in the open air
  2. any experience involving great suffering


  1. the place just outside the walls of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucifiedAlso called: Golgotha

name of the mount of the Crucifixion, late 14c., from Latin Calvaria (Greek Kraniou topos), translating Aramaic gulgulta “place of the skull” (see Golgotha). Rendered literally in Old English as Heafodpannan stow. Latin Calvaria is related to calvus “bald” (see Calvin).

The hill near Jerusalem (see also Jerusalem) on which Jesus was crucified. The name is Latin for “Place of the Skull”; it is also called Golgotha. (See Crucifixion.)

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