- a variety of melon, Cucumis melo cantalupensis, of the gourd family, having a hard scaly or warty rind, grown in Europe, Asia, and the United States.
- a muskmelon having a reticulated rind and pale-orange flesh.
- a cultivated variety of muskmelon, Cucumis melo cantalupensis, with ribbed warty rind and orange flesh
- any of several other muskmelons
also cantaloup, 1739, from French, from Italian, from Cantalupo, name of a former Papal summer estate near Rome, where the melons first were grown in Europe after their introduction (supposedly from Armenia). The place name seems to be “singing wolf” and might refer to a spot where wolves gathered, but this might be folk etymology.