1. (in the Soviet Union) the state secret-police organization (1917–22), succeeded by the GPU.


  1. Russian history the secret police set up in 1917 by the Bolshevik government: reorganized in the Soviet Union in Dec 1922 as the GPU

early Soviet secret police, 1921, from Russian initials of Chrezvychainaya Komissiya “Extraordinary Commission (for Combating Counter-Revolution);” set up 1917, superseded 1922 by G.P.U.

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