- either of two minerals, jadeite or nephrite, sometimes green, highly esteemed as an ornamental stone for carvings, jewelry, etc.
- an object, as a carving, made from this material.
- Also called jade green. green, varying from bluish green to yellowish green.
- a worn-out, broken-down, worthless, or vicious horse.
- a disreputable or ill-tempered woman.
verb (used with or without object), jad·ed, jad·ing.
- to make or become dull, worn-out, or weary, as from overwork or overuse.
- a semiprecious stone consisting of either jadeite or nephrite. It varies in colour from white to green and is used for making ornaments and jewellery
- (as modifier)jade ornaments
- the green colour of jade
- (as modifier)a jade skirt
- an old overworked horse; nag; hack
- derogatory, or facetious a woman considered to be ill-tempered or disreputable
- to exhaust or make exhausted from work or use
ornamental stone, 1721, earlier iada (1590s), from French le jade, error for earlier l’ejade, from Spanish piedra de (la) ijada (1560s), “stone of colic, pain in the side” (jade was thought to cure this), from Vulgar Latin *iliata, from Latin ilia (plural) “flanks, kidney area” (see ileum).
“worn-out horse,” late 14c., “cart horse,” of uncertain origin. Barnhart suggests a variant of yaid, yald “whore,” literally “mare,” from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse jalda “mare,” from Finno-Ugric (cf. Mordvin al’d’a “mare”). But OED finds the assumption of a Scandinavian connection “without reason.” As a term of abuse for a woman, it dates from 1550s.
- A hard gemstone that is pale green or white and consists either of the mineral jadeite (a pyroxene) or the mineral nephrite (an amphibole). It usually forms within metamorphic rocks.