- so as to be no longer supported or attached: This button is about to come off.
- so as to be no longer covering or enclosing: to take a hat off; to take the wrapping off.
- away from a place: to run off; to look off toward the west.
- away from a path, course, etc.; aside: This road branches off to Grove City.
- so as to be away or on one’s way: to start off early; to cast off.
- away from what is considered normal, regular, standard, or the like: to go off on a tangent.
- from a charge or price: He took 10 percent off for all cash purchases.
- at a distance in space or future time: to back off a few feet; Summer is only a week off.
- out of operation or effective existence: Turn the lights off.
- into operation or action: The alarm goes off at noon.
- so as to interrupt continuity or cause discontinuance: Negotiations have been broken off.
- in absence from work, service, a job, etc.: two days off at Christmas.
- completely; utterly: to kill off all the inhabitants.
- with prompt or ready performance: to dash a letter off.
- to fulfillment, or into execution or effect: The contest came off on the appointed day.
- into nonexistence or nothingness: My headache passed off soon.
- so as to be delineated, divided, or apportioned: Mark it off into equal parts.
- away from a state of consciousness: I must have dozed off.
- Nautical. away from the land, a ship, the wind, etc.
- so as no longer to be supported by, attached to, on, resting on, or unified with: Take your feet off the table! Break a piece of bread off the loaf.
- deviating from: off balance; off course.
- below or less than the usual or expected level or standard: 20 percent off the marked price; I was off my golf game.
- away, disengaged, or resting from: to be off duty on Tuesdays.
- Informal. refraining or abstaining from; denying oneself the pleasure, company, practice, etc., of: He’s off gambling.
- away from; apart or distant from: a village off the main road.
- leading into or away from: an alley off 12th Street.
- not fixed on or directed toward, as the gaze, eyes, etc.: Their eyes weren’t off the king for a moment.
- Informal. from (a specified source): I bought it off a street vendor.
- from or of, indicating material or component parts: to lunch off cheese and fruit.
- from or by such means or use of: living off an inheritance; living off his parents.
- Nautical. at some distance to seaward of: off Cape Hatteras.
- in error; wrong: You are off on that point.
- slightly abnormal or not quite sane: He is a little off, but he’s really harmless.
- not up to standard; not so good or satisfactory as usual; inferior or subnormal: a good play full of off moments.
- no longer in effect, in operation, or in process: The agreement is off.
- stopped from flowing, as by the closing of a valve: The electricity is off.
- in a specified state, circumstance, etc.: to be badly off for money.
- (of time) free from work or duty; nonworking: a pastime for one’s off hours.
- not working at one’s usual occupation: We’re off Wednesdays during the summer.
- of less than the ordinary activity, liveliness, or lively interest; slack: an off season in the tourist trade.
- unlikely; remote; doubtful: on the off chance that we’d find her at home.
- more distant; farther: the off side of a wall.
- (of a vehicle, single animal, or pair of animals hitched side by side) of, being, or pertaining to the right as seen from the rider’s or driver’s viewpoint (opposed to near): the off horse; the off side.
- starting on one’s way; leaving: I’m off to Europe on Monday. They’re off and running in the third race at Aqueduct.
- lower in price or value; down: Stock prices were off this morning.
- Nautical. noting one of two like things that is the farther from the shore; seaward: the off side of the ship.
- Cricket. noting or pertaining to that side of the wicket or of the field opposite that on which the batsman stands.
- the state or fact of being off.
- Cricket. the off side.
verb (used without object)
- to go off or away; leave (used imperatively): Off, and don’t come back!
verb (used with object)
- Slang. to kill; slay.
- get off on. get1(def 57).
- get it off. get1(def 54).
- off and on,
- Also on and off.with intervals between; intermittently: to work off and on.
- Nautical.on alternate tacks.
- off of, Informal. off: Take your feet off of the table!
- off with,
- take away; remove: Off with those muddy boots before you step into this kitchen!
- cut off: Off with his head!
verb (used without object), died, dy·ing.
- to cease to live; undergo the complete and permanent cessation of all vital functions; become dead.
- (of something inanimate) to cease to exist: The laughter died on his lips.
- to lose force, strength, or active qualities: Superstitions die slowly.
- to cease to function; stop: The motor died.
- to be no longer subject; become indifferent: to die to worldly matters.
- to pass gradually; fade or subside gradually (usually followed by away, out, or down): The storm slowly died down.
- Theology. to lose spiritual life.
- to faint or languish.
- to suffer as if fatally: I’m dying of boredom!
- to pine with desire, love, longing, etc.: I’m dying to see my home again.
- to desire or want keenly or greatly: I’m dying for a cup of coffee.
- die away, (of a sound) to become weaker or fainter and then cease: The hoofbeats gradually died away.
- die down, to become calm or quiet; subside.
- die off, to die one after another until the number is greatly reduced: Her friends are dying off.
- die out,
- to cease to exist; become extinct: Both lines of the family died out before the turn of the century.
- to die away; fade; subside: The roar of the engines died out as the rocket vanished into the clouds.
- die hard,
- to die only after a bitter struggle.
- to give way or surrender slowly or with difficulty: Childhood beliefs die hard.
- die standing up, Theater. (of a performance) to be received with silence rather than applause.
- never say die, never give up hope; never abandon one’s efforts.
- to die for, stunning; remarkable: That dress is to die for.
verb dies, dying or died (mainly intr)
- (of an organism or its cells, organs, etc) to cease all biological activity permanentlyshe died of pneumonia
- (of something inanimate) to cease to exist; come to an endthe memory of her will never die
- (often foll by away, down, or out) to lose strength, power, or energy, esp by degrees
- (often foll by away or down) to become calm or quiet; subsidethe noise slowly died down
- to stop functioningthe engine died
- to languish or pine, as with love, longing, etc
- (usually foll by of) informal to be nearly overcome (with laughter, boredom, etc)
- theol to lack spiritual life within the soul, thus separating it from God and leading to eternal punishment
- (tr) to undergo or suffer (a death of a specified kind) (esp in phrases such as die a saintly death)
- (foll by to) to become indifferent or apathetic (to)to die to the world
- never say die informal never give up
- die hard to cease to exist after resistance or a struggleold habits die hard
- die in harness to die while still working or active, prior to retirement
- be dying (foll by for or an infinitive) to be eager or desperate (for something or to do something)I’m dying to see the new house
- to die for informal highly desirablea salary to die for
- a shaped block of metal or other hard material used to cut or form metal in a drop forge, press, or similar device
- a tool of metal, silicon carbide, or other hard material with a conical hole through which wires, rods, or tubes are drawn to reduce their diameter
- an internally-threaded tool for cutting external threadsCompare tap 2 (def. 6)
- a casting mould giving accurate dimensions and a good surface to the object castSee also die-cast
- architect the dado of a pedestal, usually cubic
- another name for dice (def. 2)
- as straight as a die perfectly honest
- the die is cast the decision that commits a person irrevocably to an action has been taken
- used to indicate actions in which contact is absent or rendered absent, as between an object and a surfaceto lift a cup off the table
- used to indicate the removal of something that is or has been appended to or in association with something elseto take the tax off potatoes
- out of alignment withwe are off course
- situated near to or leading away fromjust off the High Street
- not inclined towardsI’m off work; I’ve gone off you
- (particle) so as to be deactivated or disengagedturn off the radio
- so as to get rid ofsleep off a hangover
- so as to be removed from, esp as a reductionhe took ten per cent off
- spent away from work or other dutiestake the afternoon off
- on a trip, journey, or raceI saw her off at the station
- (particle)so as to be completely absent, used up, or exhaustedthis stuff kills off all vermin
- out from the shore or landthe ship stood off
- out of contact; at a distancethe ship was 10 miles off
- out of the present locationthe girl ran off
- away in the futureAugust is less than a week off
- (particle) so as to be no longer taking placethe match has been rained off
- (particle) removed from contact with something, as clothing from the bodythe girl took all her clothes off
- offstagenoises off
- commerce (used with a preceding number) indicating the number of items required or producedplease supply 100 off
- off and on or on and off occasionally; intermittentlyhe comes here off and on
- off with (interjection) a command, often peremptory, or an exhortation to remove or cut off (something specified)off with his head; off with that coat, my dear
- not on; no longer operativethe off position on the dial
- (postpositive) not or no longer taking place; cancelled or postponedthe meeting is off
- in a specified condition regarding money, provisions, etcwell off; how are you off for bread?
- unsatisfactory or disappointinghis performance was rather off; an off year for good tennis
- (postpositive) in a condition as specifiedI’d be better off without this job
- (postpositive) no longer on the menu; not being served at the momentsorry, love, haddock is off
- (postpositive) (of food or drink) having gone bad, sour, etcthis milk is off
- the part of the field on that side of the pitch to which the batsman presents his bat when taking strike: thus for a right-hander, off is on the right-hand sideCompare leg (def. 13)
- (in combination)a fielding position in this part of the fieldmid-off
- (as modifier)the off stump
- (tr) to kill (someone)
adv.by c.1200 as an emphatic form of Old English of (see of), employed in the adverbial use of that word. The prepositional meaning “away from” and the adjectival sense of “farther” were not firmly fixed in this variant until 17c., but once they were they left the original of with the transferred and weakened senses of the word. Meaning “not working” is from 1861. Off the cuff (1938) is from the notion of speaking from notes written in haste on one’s shirt cuffs. Off the rack (adj.) is from 1963; off the record is from 1933; off the wall “crazy” is 1968, probably from the notion of a lunatic “bouncing off the walls” or else in reference to carom shots in squash, handball, etc. v.“to kill,” 1930, from off (adv.). Earlier verbal senses were “to defer” (1640s), “to move off” (1882). Related: Offed. v.mid-12c., possibly from Old Danish døja or Old Norse deyja “to die, pass away,” both from Proto-Germanic *dawjanan (cf. Old Frisian deja “to kill,” Old Saxon doian, Old High German touwen, Gothic diwans “mortal”), from PIE root *dheu- (3) “to pass away, become senseless” (cf. Old Irish dith “end, death,” Old Church Slavonic daviti, Russian davit’ “to choke, suffer”). It has been speculated that Old English had *diegan, from the same source, but it is not in any of the surviving texts and the preferred words were steorfan (see starve), sweltan (see swelter), wesan dead, also forðgan and other euphemisms. Languages usually don’t borrow words from abroad for central life experiences, but “die” words are an exception, because they are often hidden or changed euphemistically out of superstitious dread. A Dutch euphemism translates as “to give the pipe to Maarten.” Regularly spelled dege through 15c., and still pronounced “dee” by some in Lancashire and Scotland. Used figuratively (of sounds, etc.) from 1580s. Related: Died; dies. n.early 14c. (as a plural, late 14c. as a singular), from Old French de “die, dice,” of uncertain origin. Common Romanic (cf. Spanish, Portuguese, Italian dado, Provençal dat, Catalan dau), perhaps from Latin datum “given,” past participle of dare (see date (n.1)), which, in addition to “give,” had a secondary sense of “to play” (as a chess piece); or else from “what is given” (by chance or Fortune). Sense of “stamping block or tool” first recorded 1690s. v.
- To cease living; become dead; expire.
- To cease existing, especially by degrees; fade.
In addition to the idioms beginning with die
In addition to the idioms beginning with off
Also see underon.