out of turn

out of turn

verb (used with object)

  1. to cause to move around on an axis or about a center; rotate: to turn a wheel.
  2. to cause to move around or partly around, as for the purpose of opening, closing, or tightening: to turn a key; to turn the cap of a jar.
  3. to reverse the position or placement of: to turn a page; to turn an egg; to turn a person around.
  4. to bring the lower layers of (sod, soil, etc.) to the surface, as in plowing.
  5. to change the position of, by or as if by rotating; move into a different position: to turn the handle one notch.
  6. to change or alter the course of; divert; deflect: He turned the blow with his arm.
  7. to change the focus or tendency of: She skillfully turned the conversation away from so unpleasant a subject.
  8. to reverse the progress of; cause to retreat: The police turned the advancing rioters by firing over their heads.
  9. to change or alter the nature, character, or appearance of: Worry turned his hair gray.
  10. to change or convert (usually followed by into or to): to turn water into ice; to turn tears into laughter.
  11. to render or make by some change: Fear turned him cowardly and craven.
  12. to change the color of (leaves).
  13. to cause to become sour, to ferment, or the like: Warm weather turns milk.
  14. to cause (the stomach) to reject food, liquid, etc.; affect with nausea.
  15. to change from one language or form of expression to another; translate.
  16. to put or apply to some use or purpose: He turned his mind to practical matters.
  17. to go or pass around or to the other side of: to turn a street corner.
  18. to get beyond or pass (a certain age, time, amount, etc.): His son just turned four.
  19. to direct, aim, or set toward, away from, or in a specified direction: to turn the car toward the center of town; to turn one’s back to the audience.
  20. to direct (the eyes, face, etc.) another way; avert.
  21. to shape (a piece of metal, wood, etc.) into rounded form with a cutting tool while rotating the piece on a lathe.
  22. to bring into a rounded or curved form in any way.
  23. to shape artistically or gracefully, especially in rounded form.
  24. to form or express gracefully: to turn a phrase well.
  25. to direct (thought, attention, desire, etc.) toward or away from something.
  26. to cause to go; send; drive: to turn a person from one’s door.
  27. to revolve in the mind; ponder (often followed by over): He turned the idea over a couple of times before acting on it.
  28. to persuade (a person) to change or reorder the course of his or her life.
  29. to cause to be prejudiced against: to turn a son against his father.
  30. to maintain a steady flow or circulation of (money or articles of commerce).
  31. to earn or gain: He turned a huge profit on the sale.
  32. to reverse or remake (a garment, shirt collar, etc.) so that the inner side becomes the outer.
  33. to pour from one container into another by inverting.
  34. to curve, bend, or twist.
  35. to twist out of position or sprain; wrench: He turned his ankle.
  36. to bend back or blunt (the edge of a blade).
  37. to perform (a gymnastic feat) by rotating or revolving: to turn a somersault.
  38. to disturb the mental balance of; distract; derange.
  39. to disorder or upset the placement or condition of: He turned the room upside down.
  40. Obsolete.
    1. to convert.
    2. to pervert.

verb (used without object)

  1. to move around on an axis or about a center; rotate.
  2. to move partly around through the arc of a circle, as a door on a hinge.
  3. to hinge or depend (usually followed by on or upon): The question turns on this point.
  4. to direct or set one’s course toward, away from, or in a particular direction.
  5. to direct the face or gaze toward or away from someone or something.
  6. to direct one’s thought, attention, desire, etc., toward or away from someone or something.
  7. to give or apply one’s interest, attention, effort, etc., to something; pursue: He turned to the study and practice of medicine.
  8. to change or reverse a course so as to go in a different or the opposite direction: to turn to the right.
  9. to change position so as to face in a different or the opposite direction.
  10. to change or reverse position or posture as by a rotary motion.
  11. to shift the body about as if on an axis: to turn on one’s side while sleeping.
  12. to assume a curved form; bend.
  13. to become blunted or dulled by bending, as the cutting edge of a knife or saw.
  14. to be affected with nausea, as the stomach.
  15. to be affected with giddiness or dizziness; have a sensation of whirling or reeling.
  16. to adopt religion, a manner of life, etc., especially as differing from a previous position or attitude: He turned to Christianity in his old age.
  17. to change or transfer one’s loyalties; defect: He turned from the Democrats and joined the Republicans.
  18. to change an attitude or policy: to turn in favor of someone; to turn against a person.
  19. to change or alter, as in nature, character, or appearance.
  20. to become sour, rancid, fermented, or the like, as milk or butter.
  21. to change color: The leaves began to turn in October.
  22. to change so as to be; become: a lawyer turned poet; to turn pale.
  23. to become mentally unbalanced or distracted.
  24. to put about or tack, as a ship.
  25. Journalism. (of copy) to run either from the bottom of the last column on one page to the top of the first column on the following page or from one column on a page to the expected place in the next column on the page (opposed to jump).


  1. a movement of partial or total rotation: a slight turn of the handle.
  2. an act of changing or reversing position or posture, as by a rotary movement: a turn of the head.
  3. a time or opportunity for action which comes in due rotation or order to each of a number of persons, animals, etc.: It’s my turn to pay the bill.
  4. an act of changing or reversing the course or direction: to make a turn to the right.
  5. a place or point at which such a change occurs.
  6. a place where a road, river, or the like turns; bend: About a mile ahead, you’ll come to a turn in the road.
  7. a single revolution, as of a wheel.
  8. an act of turning so as to face or go in a different direction.
  9. direction, drift, or trend: The conversation took an interesting turn.
  10. any change, as in nature, character, condition, affairs, circumstances, etc.; alteration; modification: a turn for the better.
  11. the point or time of change.
  12. the time during which a worker or a set of workers is at work in alternation with others.
  13. that which is done by each of a number of persons acting in rotation or succession.
  14. rounded or curved form.
  15. the shape or mold in which something is formed or cast.
  16. a passing or twisting of one thing around another, as of a rope around a mast.
  17. the state of or a manner of being twisted.
  18. a single circular or convoluted shape, as of a coiled or wound rope.
  19. a small latch operated by a turning knob or lever.
  20. style, as of expression or language.
  21. a distinctive form or style imparted: a happy turn of expression.
  22. a short walk, ride, or the like out and back, especially by different routes: Let’s go for a turn in the park.
  23. a natural inclination, bent, tendency, or aptitude: one’s turn of mind.
  24. a spell or period of work; shift.
  25. a spell or bout of action or activity, especially in wrestling.
  26. an attack of illness or the like.
  27. an act of service or disservice: He once did her a good turn. She repaid it with a bad turn.
  28. requirement, exigency, or need: This will serve your turn.
  29. treatment or rendering, especially with reference to the form or content of a work of literature, art, etc.; twist: He gave the story a new turn.
  30. Informal. a nervous shock, as from fright or astonishment: It certainly gave me quite a turn to see him.
  31. Stock Exchange. a complete securities transaction that includes both a purchase and sale.
  32. Music. a melodic embellishment or grace, commonly consisting of a principal tone with two auxiliary tones, one above and the other below it.
  33. Chiefly British. an individual stage performance, especially in a vaudeville theater or music hall.
  34. Military. a drill movement by which a formation changes fronts.
  35. a contest or round; a bout, as in wrestling.

Verb Phrases

  1. turn back,
    1. to retrace one’s footsteps; turn around to return.
    2. to cause to go no further or to return, as by not welcoming; send away.
    3. to fold (a blanket, sheet of paper, etc.) on itself: Turn back the page to keep the place.
  2. turn down,
    1. to turn over; fold down.
    2. to lower in intensity; lessen.
    3. to refuse or reject (a person, request, etc.): The Marine Corps turned him down.
  3. turn in,
    1. to hand in; submit: to turn in a resignation.
    2. to inform on or deliver up: She promptly turned him in to the police.
    3. to turn from one path or course into another; veer.
    4. Informal.to go to bed; retire: I never turn in before eleven o’clock.
  4. turn into,
    1. to drive a vehicle or to walk into (a street, store, etc.): We turned into the dead-end street. He turned into the saloon at the corner.
    2. to be changed, transformed, or converted into: He has turned into a very pleasant fellow. The caterpillar turned into a butterfly.
  5. turn off,
    1. to stop the flow of (water, gas, etc.), as by closing a faucet or valve.
    2. to extinguish (a light).
    3. to divert; deflect.
    4. to diverge or branch off, as a side road from a main road.
    5. to drive a vehicle or walk onto (a side road) from a main road: You turn off at 96th Street. Turn off the highway on the dirt road.
    6. Slang.to stop listening: You could see him turn off as the speaker droned on.
    7. Slang.to disaffect, alienate, or disgust.
    8. Chiefly British.to discharge an employee.
  6. turn on,
    1. to cause (water, gas, etc.) to flow, as by opening a valve.
    2. to switch on (a light).
    3. to put into operation; activate.
    4. to start suddenly to affect or show: She turned on the charm and won him over.
    5. Slang.to induce (a person) to start taking a narcotic drug.
    6. Slang.to take a narcotic drug.
    7. Slang.to arouse or excite the interest of; engage: the first lecture that really turned me on.
    8. Slang.to arouse sexually.
    9. Also turn upon.to become suddenly hostile to: The dog turned on its owner.
  7. turn out,
    1. to extinguish (a light).
    2. to produce as the result of labor: She turned out four tapestries a year.
    3. to drive out; dismiss; discharge: a premier turned out of office.
    4. to fit out; dress; equip.
    5. to result; issue.
    6. to come to be; become ultimately.
    7. to be found or known; prove.
    8. to be present at; appear.
    9. Informal.to get out of bed.
    10. Nautical.to order (a seaman or seamen) from quarters for duty.
    11. to cause to turn outward, as the toes.
  8. turn over,
    1. to move or be moved from one side to another.
    2. to put in reverse position; invert.
    3. to consider; meditate; ponder.
    4. to transfer; give.
    5. to start (an engine): He turned over the car motor.
    6. (of an engine) to start: The motor turned over without any trouble.
    7. Commerce.to purchase and then sell (goods or commodities).
    8. Commerce.to do business or sell goods to the amount of (a specified sum).
    9. Commerce.to invest or recover (capital) in some transaction or in the course of business.
  9. turn to,
    1. to apply to for aid; appeal to: When he was starting out as an artist he turned to his friends for loans.
    2. to begin to attend to or work at something: After the storm we turned to and cleaned up the debris.
    3. to change to: The ice turned to water.
  10. turn up,
    1. to fold (material, a hem, cuffs, etc.) up or over in order to alter a garment.
    2. to bring to the surface by digging: to turn up a shovelful of earth.
    3. to uncover; find.
    4. to intensify or increase.
    5. to happen; occur: Let’s wait and see what turns up.
    6. to appear; arrive: She turned up at the last moment.
    7. to be recovered: I’m sure your watch will turn up eventually.
    8. to come to notice; be seen.


  1. at every turn, in every case or instance; constantly: We met with kindness at every turn.
  2. by turns, one after another; in rotation or succession; alternately: They did their shopping and cleaning by turns.
  3. hand’s turn, a period or piece of work: It won’t be necessary for you to do a hand’s turn yourself, but rather to supervise.
  4. in turn, in due order of succession: Each generation in turn must grapple with the same basic problems.
  5. on the turn, on the verge or in the process of turning; changing: She said she hoped to be alive to see the century on the turn.
  6. out of turn,
    1. not in the correct succession; out of proper order.
    2. at an unsuitable time; imprudently; indiscreetly: He spoke out of turn and destroyed the cordial atmosphere of the meeting.
  7. take turns, to succeed one another in order; rotate; alternate: They took turns walking the dog.
  8. to a turn, to just the proper degree; to perfection: The steak was done to a turn.
  9. turn and turn about, by turns: They fought the fire, turn and turn about, until daybreak.
  10. turn one’s hand to. hand(def 89).
  11. turn the tables. table(def 24).
  12. turn the tide. tide1(def 16).


  1. to move or cause to move around an axisa wheel turning; to turn a knob
  2. (sometimes foll by round) to change or cause to change positions by moving through an arc of a circlehe turned the chair to face the light
  3. to change or cause to change in course, direction, etche turned left at the main road
  4. (of soldiers, ships, etc) to alter the direction of advance by changing direction simultaneously or (of a commander) to cause the direction of advance to be altered simultaneously
  5. to go or pass to the other side of (a corner, etc)
  6. to assume or cause to assume a rounded, curved, or folded formthe road turns here
  7. to reverse or cause to reverse position
  8. (tr) to pass round (an enemy or enemy position) so as to attack it from the flank or rearthe Germans turned the Maginot line
  9. (tr) to perform or do by a rotating movementto turn a somersault
  10. (tr) to shape or cut a thread in (a workpiece, esp one of metal, wood, or plastic) by rotating it on a lathe against a fixed cutting tool
  11. (when intr, foll by into or to) to change or convert or be changed or convertedthe alchemists tried to turn base metals into gold
  12. (foll by into) to change or cause to change in nature, character, etcthe frog turned into a prince
  13. (copula) to change so as to becomehe turned nasty when he heard the price
  14. to cause (foliage, etc) to change colour or (of foliage, etc) to change colourfrost turned the trees a vivid orange
  15. to cause (milk, etc) to become rancid or sour or (of milk, etc) to become rancid or sour
  16. to change or cause to change in subject, trend, etcthe conversation turned to fishing
  17. to direct or apply or be directed or appliedhe turned his attention to the problem
  18. (intr usually foll by to) to appeal or apply (to) for help, advice, etcshe was very frightened and didn’t know where to turn
  19. to reach, pass, or progress beyond in age, time, etcshe has just turned twenty
  20. (tr) to cause or allow to goto turn an animal loose
  21. to affect or be affected with nauseathe sight of the dead body turned his stomach
  22. to affect or be affected with giddinessmy head is turning
  23. (tr) to affect the mental or emotional stability of (esp in the phrase turn (someone’s) head)
  24. (tr) to release from a containershe turned the fruit into a basin
  25. (tr) to render into another language
  26. (usually foll by against or from) to transfer or reverse or cause to transfer or reverse (one’s loyalties, affections, etc)
  27. (tr) to cause (an enemy agent) to become a double agent working for one’s own sidethe bureau turned some of the spies it had caught
  28. (tr) to bring (soil) from lower layers to the surface
  29. to blunt (an edge) or (of an edge) to become blunted
  30. (tr) to give a graceful form toto turn a compliment
  31. (tr) to reverse (a cuff, collar, etc) in order to hide the outer worn side
  32. (intr) US to be merchandised as specifiedshirts are turning well this week
  33. cricket to spin (the ball) or (of the ball) to spin
  34. turn one’s hand to to undertake (something, esp something practical)
  35. turn tail to run away; flee
  36. turn the tables on someone See table (def. 17)
  37. turn the tide to reverse the general course of events


  1. an act or instance of turning or the state of being turned or the material turneda turn of a rope around a bollard
  2. a movement of complete or partial rotation
  3. a change or reversal of direction or position
  4. direction or drifthis thoughts took a new turn
  5. a deviation or departure from a course or tendency
  6. the place, point, or time at which a deviation or change occurs
  7. another word for turning (def. 1)
  8. the right or opportunity to do something in an agreed order or successionwe’ll take turns to play; now it’s George’s turn; you must not play out of turn
  9. a change in nature, condition, etchis illness took a turn for the worse
  10. a period of action, work, etc
  11. a short walk, ride, or excursionto take a turn in the park
  12. natural inclinationhe is of a speculative turn of mind; she has a turn for needlework
  13. distinctive form or stylea neat turn of phrase
  14. requirement, need, or advantageto serve someone’s turn
  15. a deed performed that helps or hinders someoneto do an old lady a good turn
  16. a twist, bend, or distortion in shape
  17. music a melodic ornament that makes a turn around a note, beginning with the note above, in a variety of sequences
  18. theatre, mainly British a short theatrical act, esp in music hall, cabaret, etc
  19. stock exchange
    1. Britishthe difference between a market maker’s bid and offer prices, representing the market maker’s profit
    2. a transaction including both a purchase and a sale
  20. a military manoeuvre in which men or ships alter their direction of advance together
  21. Australian slang a party
  22. informal a shock or surprisethe bad news gave her quite a turn
  23. at every turn on all sides or occasions
  24. by turns one after another; alternately
  25. on the turn informal
    1. at the point of change
    2. about to go rancid
  26. out of turn
    1. not in the correct or agreed order of succession
    2. improperly, inappropriately, or inopportunely
  27. the turn poker slang the fourth community card to be dealt face-up in a round of Texas hold ’em
  28. turn and turn about one after another; alternately
  29. to a turn to the proper amount; perfectlycooked to a turn

v.late Old English turnian “to rotate, revolve,” in part also from Old French torner “to turn,” both from Latin tornare “turn on a lathe,” from tornus “lathe,” from Greek tornos “lathe, tool for drawing circles,” from PIE root *tere- “to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist” (see throw (v.)). Expression to turn (something) into (something else) probably retains the classical sense of “to shape on a lathe” (attested in English from c.1300). Related: Turned; turning. To turn up “arrive” is recorded from 1755. Turn-off “something that dampens one’s spirits” recorded by 1971 (said to have been in use since 1968); to turn (someone) on “excite, stimulate, arouse” is recorded from 1903. Someone should revive turn-sick “dizzy,” which is attested from mid-15c. To turn (something) loose “set free” is recorded from 1590s. Turn down (v.) “reject” first recorded 1891, American English. Turn in “go to bed” is attested from 1690s, originally nautical. To turn the stomach “nauseate” is recorded from 1620s. To turn up one’s nose as an expression of contempt is attested from 1779. Turning point is attested by 1836 in a figurative sense; literal sense from 1856. n.mid-13c., “action of rotation,” from Anglo-French tourn (Old French tour), from Latin tornus “turning lathe;” also partly a noun of action from turn (v.). Meaning “an act of turning, a single revolution or part of a revolution” is attested from late 15c. Sense of “place of bending” (in a road, river, etc.) is recorded from early 15c. Meaning “beginning of a period of time” is attested from 1853 (e.g. turn-of-the-century, from 1921 as an adjectival phrase). Sense of “act of good will” is recorded from c.1300. Meaning “spell of work” is from late 14c.; that of “an individual’s time for action, when these go around in succession” is recorded from late 14c. Turn about “by turns, alternately” is recorded from 1640s. Phrase done to a turn (1780) suggests meat roasted on a spit. The turn of the screw (1796) is the additional twist to tighten its hold, sometimes with reference to torture by thumbscrews. 1Not in the proper order or sequence, as in When her doubles partner began to serve out of turn, their opponents called the umpire. [Late 1800s] 2In an inappropriate manner or at an inappropriate time, as in I may be out of turn telling you, but shorts are not permitted in the restaurant. [First half of 1900s] Also see speak out of turn. In addition to the idioms beginning with turn

  • turn a blind eye to
  • turn a deaf ear
  • turn against
  • turn a hair, not
  • turn around
  • turn around one’s finger
  • turn a trick
  • turn away
  • turn back
  • turn down
  • turn for the better
  • turn in
  • turn in one’s grave
  • turn off
  • turn of phrase
  • turn of the century
  • turn of the tide
  • turn on
  • turn one’s back on
  • turn one’s hand to
  • turn one’s head
  • turn one’s stomach
  • turn on one’s heel
  • turn on the waterworks
  • turn out
  • turn out all right
  • turn over
  • turn over a new leaf
  • turn over in one’s grave
  • turn tail
  • turn the clock back
  • turn the corner
  • turn the other cheek
  • turn the scale
  • turn the tables
  • turn the tide
  • turn the trick
  • turn thumbs down
  • turn to
  • turn to good account
  • turn turtle
  • turn up
  • turn up like a bad penny
  • turn up one’s nose
  • turn up one’s toes
  • turn upside down
  • turn up the heat on
  • turn up trumps
  • also see:

  • at every turn
  • by turns
  • every time one turns around
  • good turn
  • in turn
  • not know where to turn
  • one good turn deserves another
  • out of turn
  • take a turn for the better
  • take turns
  • to a T (turn)
  • twist (turn) around one’s finger
  • when someone’s back is turned
  • Also see underunturned.

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