1. a dry insoluble substance, usually pulverized, which when suspended in a liquid vehicle becomes a paint, ink, etc.
  2. a coloring matter or substance.
  3. Biology. any substance whose presence in the tissues or cells of animals or plants colors them.

verb (used with object)

  1. to color; add pigment to.

verb (used without object)

  1. to become pigmented; acquire color; develop pigmentation: a poor quality of paper that doesn’t pigment well.


  1. a substance occurring in plant or animal tissue and producing a characteristic colour, such as chlorophyll in green plants and haemoglobin in red blood
  2. any substance used to impart colour
  3. a powder that is mixed with a liquid to give a paint, ink, etc

n.late 14c., from Latin pigmentum “coloring matter, pigment, paint,” figuratively “prnament,” from stem of pingere “to color, paint” (see paint (v.)). Variants of this word could have been known in Old English (e.g. 12c. pyhmentum). As a verb from 1900. Related: Pigmented; pigmenting. n.

  1. A substance used as coloring.
  2. Dry coloring matter, usually an insoluble powder to be mixed with water, oil, or another base to produce paint and similar products.
  3. A substance that produces a characteristic color in tissue.
  4. A medicinal preparation applied to the skin like paint.


  1. To color with pigment.

  1. An organic compound that gives a characteristic color to plant or animal tissues and is involved in vital processes. Chlorophyll, which gives a green color to plants, and hemoglobin, which gives blood its red color, are examples of pigments.
  2. A substance or material used as coloring.
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