verb (used with object)
- to scrape or abrade with a rough instrument.
- to scrape or rub roughly: The glacier rasped the valley floor.
- to grate upon or irritate: The sound rasped his nerves.
- to utter with a grating sound: to rasp out an answer.
verb (used without object)
- to scrape or grate.
- to make a grating sound.
- an act of rasping.
- a rasping sound.
- a coarse file, used mainly on wood, having separate conical teeth.
- (in an insect) a roughened surface used in stridulation.
- a harsh grating noise
- a coarse file with rows of raised teeth
- (tr) to scrape or rub (something) roughly, esp with a rasp; abrade
- to utter with or make a harsh grating noise
- to irritate (one’s nerves or senses); grate (upon)
- an informal or Scot word for raspberry
mid-13c., “to scrape,” from Middle Dutch raspen and from Old French rasper (Modern French râper) “to grate, rasp,” which is perhaps from a West Germanic source (cf. Old English gehrespan) akin to the root of raffle. Vocalic sense is from 1843. Related: Rasped; rasping.
“coarse file,” 1540s, from Middle French raspe (Modern French râpe), from Old French rasper “to rasp” (see rasp (v.)).