verb (used with object)
- to cause to be or become; make: to render someone helpless.
- to do; perform: to render a service.
- to furnish; provide: to render aid.
- to exhibit or show (obedience, attention, etc.).
- to present for consideration, approval, payment, action, etc., as an account.
- to return; to make (a payment in money, kind, or service) as by a tenant to a superior: knights rendering military service to the lord.
- to pay as due (a tax, tribute, etc.).
- to deliver formally or officially; hand down: to render a verdict.
- to translate into another language: to render French poems into English.
- to represent; depict, as in painting: to render a landscape.
- to represent (a perspective view of a projected building) in drawing or painting.
- to bring out the meaning of by performance or execution; interpret, as a part in a drama or a piece of music.
- to use the processing power of computer hardware and software to synthesize (the components of an image or animation) in a final graphic output.
- to give in return or requital: to render good for evil.
- to give back; restore (often followed by back).
- to send (a suspected criminal) abroad; subject to rendition(def 4).
- to give up; surrender.
- Building Trades. to cover (masonry) with a first coat of plaster.
- to melt down; extract the impurities from by melting: to render fat.
- to process, as for industrial use: to render livestock carcasses.
verb (used without object)
- to provide due reward.
- to try out oil from fat, blubber, etc., by melting.
- Building Trades. a first coat of plaster for a masonry surface.
- to present or submit (accounts, etc) for payment, approval, or action
- to give or provide (aid, charity, a service, etc)
- to show (obedience), as due or expected
- to give or exchange, as by way of return or requitalto render blow for blow
- to cause to becomegrief had rendered him simple-minded
- to deliver (a verdict or opinion) formally
- to portray or depict (something), as in painting, music, or acting
- computing to use colour and shading to make a digital image look three-dimensional and solid
- to translate (something) into another language or form
- (sometimes foll by up) to yield or givethe tomb rendered up its secret
- (often foll by back) to return (something); give back
- to cover the surface of (brickwork, stone, etc) with a coat of plaster
- (often foll by down) to extract (fat) from (meat) by melting
- to reeve (a line)
- to slacken (a rope, etc)
- history (of a feudal tenant) to make (payment) in money, goods, or services to one’s overlord
- a first thin coat of plaster applied to a surface
- history a payment in money, goods, or services made by a feudal tenant to his lord
late 14c., “repeat, say again,” from Old French rendre “give back, present, yield” (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre “to take”), from Latin reddere “give back, return, restore,” from red- “back” (see re-) + comb. form of dare “to give” (see date (n.1)).
Meaning “hand over, deliver” is recorded from late 14c.; “to return” (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning “represent, depict” is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render “a payment of rent,” from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering.
1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).