- a fine; penalty.
- an act of forfeiting; forfeiture.
- something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.
- an article deposited in a game because of a mistake and redeemable by a fine or penalty.
- forfeits, (used with a singular verb) a game in which such articles are taken from the players.
verb (used with object)
- to subject to seizure as a forfeit.
- to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.
- lost or subject to loss by forfeiture.
- something lost or given up as a penalty for a fault, mistake, etc
- the act of losing or surrendering something in this manner
- law something confiscated as a penalty for an offence, breach of contract, etc
- (sometimes plural)
- a game in which a player has to give up an object, perform a specified action, etc, if he commits a fault
- an object so given up
- (tr) to lose or be liable to lose in consequence of a mistake, fault, etc
- (tr) law
- to confiscate as punishment
- to surrender (something exacted as a penalty)
- surrendered or liable to be surrendered as a penalty
n.c.1300, “misdeed,” from Old French forfait “crime, punishable offense” (12c.), originally past participle of forfaire “transgress,” from for- “outside, beyond” (from Latin foris; see foreign) + faire “to do” (from Latin facere; see factitious). Translating Medieval Latin foris factum. Sense shifted mid-15c. from the crime to the penalty: “something to which the right is lost through a misdeed.” As an adjective from late 14c., from Old French forfait. v.c.1300, “to lose by misconduct;” see forfeit (n.). Related: Forfeited; forfeiting.