1. a tract of land, usually with a house, barn, silo, etc., on which crops and often livestock are raised for livelihood.
  2. land or water devoted to the raising of animals, fish, plants, etc.: a pig farm; an oyster farm; a tree farm.
  3. a similar, usually commercial, site where a product is manufactured or cultivated: a cheese farm; a honey farm.
  4. the system, method, or act of collecting revenue by leasing a territory in districts.
  5. a country or district leased for the collection of revenue.
  6. a fixed yearly amount accepted from a person in view of local or district taxes that he or she is authorized to collect.
  7. a tract of land on which an industrial function is carried out, as the drilling or storage of oil or the generation of electricity by solar power.
  8. English History.
    1. the rent or income from leased property.
    2. the condition of being leased at a fixed rent; possession under lease; a lease.
  9. Also called farm team, farm club. Chiefly Baseball. a team in a minor league that is owned by or affiliated with a major-league team, for training or keeping players until ready or needed.
  10. Obsolete. a fixed yearly amount payable in the form of rent, taxes, or the like.

verb (used with object)

  1. to cultivate (land).
  2. to raise (animals, fish, plants, etc.) on land or in water.
  3. to take the proceeds or profits of (a tax, undertaking, etc.) on paying a fixed sum.
  4. to let or lease (taxes, revenues, an enterprise, etc.) to another for a fixed sum or a percentage (often followed by out).
  5. to let or lease the labor or services of (a person) for hire.
  6. to contract for the maintenance of (a person, institution, etc.): a county that farms its poor.

verb (used without object)

  1. to cultivate the soil; operate a farm.

Verb Phrases

  1. farm out,
    1. to assign (work, privileges, or the like) to another by financial agreement; subcontract; lease: The busy shipyard farmed out two construction jobs to a smaller yard.
    2. to assign the care of (a child or dependent person) to another: She farms her elderly aunt out to a retired nurse during the workweek.
    3. Chiefly assign (a player) to a farm.
    4. to exhaust (farmland) by overcropping.
    5. to drill (oil or gas wells), especially by subcontract on land owned or leased by another.

  1. buy the farm, Slang. to die or be killed.


    1. a tract of land, usually with house and buildings, cultivated as a unit or used to rear livestock
    2. (as modifier)farm produce
    3. (in combination)farmland
  1. a unit of land or water devoted to the growing or rearing of some particular type of vegetable, fruit, animal, or fisha fish farm
  2. an installation for storage
  3. a district of which one or more taxes are leased
  4. history
    1. a fixed sum paid by an individual or group for the right of collecting and retaining taxes, rents, etc
    2. a fixed sum paid regularly by a town, county, etc, in lieu of taxes
    3. the leasing of a source of revenue to an individual or group
    4. a fixed tax, rent, etc, paid regularly


  1. (tr)
    1. to cultivate (land)
    2. to rear (stock, etc) on a farm
  2. (intr) to engage in agricultural work, esp as a way of life
  3. (tr) to look after a child for a fixed sum
    1. to collect the moneys due and retain the profits from (a tax district, business, etc) for a specified period on payment of a sum or sums
    2. to operate (a franchise) under similar conditions

c.1300, “fixed payment (usually in exchange for taxes collected, etc.), fixed rent,” from Old French ferme “rent, lease,” from Medieval Latin firma “fixed payment,” from Latin firmare “to fix, settle, confirm, strengthen,” from firmus “firm” (see firm (adj.)).

Sense of “tract of leased land” is first recorded early 14c.; that of “cultivated land” (leased or not) is 1520s. Phrase buy the farm “die in battle,” is at least from World War II, perhaps a cynical reference to the draftee’s dream of getting out of the war and going home, in many cases to a peaceful farmstead. But fetch the farm is prisoner slang from at least 1879 for “get sent to the infirmary,” with reference to the better diet and lighter duties there.


mid-15c., “to rent (land),” from Anglo-French fermer, from ferme (see farm (n.)). The agricultural sense is from 1719. Original sense is retained in to farm out.

In addition to the idiom beginning with farm

  • farm out

also see:

  • buy it (the farm)
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